All posts by Rob Shaul

Arete 7.22.21

Military / Foreign Relations / National Security

Special Operations News Update – Monday, July 19, 2021, Small Wars Journal
Israel will ‘act aggressively’ over Ben & Jerry’s ban, PM says, Al Jazerra
US-China: Maybe breaking up is not so hard after all, AAI
Polish Defence Ministry confirms plan to buy M1 Abrams tanks, Defense News
Tanks are here to stay: What the Army’s future armored fleet will look like, Defense News
An assassination in Haiti shows how Colombia’s war machine has gone global,
US military must avoid a ‘Kasserine Pass’ failure for space power, Defense News
What Is Happening to Our Apolitical Military?, Defense One
Clarity on Afghanistan, Confusion on Iraq, Defense One
Biden Goes After China’s Cyber Attackers, Defense One
What the Afghanistan Withdrawal Means for Georgia’s NATO Dreams, Defense One
America’s Collapsing Meritocracy Is a Recipe for Revolt, Foreign Policy
El Salvador’s President Is Pioneering Hustle Bro Populism, Foreign Policy
Climate scientists shocked by scale of floods in Germany, The Guardian
Is COVID China’s Chernobyl?, Hudson Institute
Two dozen US diplomats in Vienna show signs of ‘Havana syndrome’, report claims,
Cryptocurrency intended for Hamas seized by Israel, Long War Journal
Marines are testing drones that fly from grenade launchers, Marine Corps Times
Top generals planned to resign en masse if Trump refused to leave office: reports, Military Times
First female sailor completes Navy special warfare training, Navy Times
As new NATO command becomes fully operational, top US military officer issues warning over ‘great power war’, Navy Times
Russia successfully test-fires S-500 Prometheus missile system, Pravda Report
Germany and the United States will never be friends again, Pravda Report
China’s Drive for Power and Influence Around the World, RAND
Would China Really Sink a U.S. Navy Aircraft Carrier?, Real Clear Defense
China’s Massive Strategic Nuclear Capability, Real Clear Defense
A wade through the swamp of Europe’s conspiracy culture, VoxEurop
New Air Force recruiting pitch: It doesn’t matter what you look like, just that you can kick enemy ass, Task & Purpose
South Africa plans to deploy 25,000 troops after days of violence, War is Boring
China Spy Agency Using Contract Hackers to Extort, Destabilize Western Companies, Homeland Security Newswire
China’s “dreamchild” is stealthily winning the battery race, The Economist

First Responder / Homeland Security / Wildland Fire

Firefighting resources pushed to the limit as dozens of wildfires burn across U.S. and Canada, Axios
Record 430 migrants cross English Channel in single day, BBC
Strong Gun Sales to Blame for 2020’s Violence? Real Clear Policy
Can the Destructive Bootleg Fire Teach Us to Prevent Wildfires Before They Start? Homeland Security Newswire
New Material Could Mean Lightweight Armor, Protective Coatings, Homeland Security Newswire
Mont. FF in serious condition after being overrun by wildfire flames, FireRescue1
Ore. McDonald’s refuses to serve fire crew after 15-hour shift, FireRescue1
Oh, my aching knees: Exercises to prevent firefighter knee pain, FireRescue1
Medic dead after EMTs, FF targeted in Ariz. shooting, FireRescue1
Tucson fire chief: Attack on first responders ‘a lot to unpack’, Police1
TX SWAT Commander Killed, 4 Officers Wounded at Standoff, Police Mag
Iron Horse Sentry 12 Enters the Wild, Recoil
Bomb squad miscalculation led to LA fireworks blast, chief says, Police1
NYPD Officers Sue Over Attacks During Brooklyn Bridge Protest, Police Mag
NYPD Officer Saves Stabbing Victim Using Potato Chip Bag and Tape, Police Mag
Chicago Police announces new team to get illegal guns off the street, Police1


Fitness / Health / Nutrition

Swamp Coolers Are a Cheap AC Alternative for Dry Climates. Here’s What to Know Before You Buy, Wirecutter
The Most Painful Record in Sports, Outside
Elite Athletes Don’t Sleep As Much As You Think, Outside
Championing chrononutrition with protein, the morning elixir for muscle growth, Science Daily
How To Watch Skateboarding Like An Olympic Judge, FiveThirtyEight
Hip Hop Star Method Man is the Real Deal in the Gym, Breaking Muscle
How This 72-Year-Old Bodybuilder Maintains the Physique of a Man Half His Age, Men’s Health
How Hot Is Too Hot to Run? Outside
4 Reasons to Ditch the App and Begin a Personalized Fitness Plan, Breaking Muscle
Eating whole grains linked to smaller increases in waist size, blood pressure, blood sugar, Science Daily
Could ketogenic diet be helpful with brain cancer?, Science Daily
How An Armless Archer Trains His Brain To Win Olympic Medals, FiveThirtyEight
What to Know About Intermittent Fasting and Your Workouts, Men’s Health
Coffee Won’t Upset Your Heartbeat. It Might Even Calm It, WebMD
An Olympic Weightlifter Explains Why He Never Bench Presses, Men’s Health
The Incredible Benefits of Barefoot Workouts, Mark’s Daily Apple
Living near woodlands is good for children and young people’s mental health, Science Daily
Depression Traps: Social Withdrawal, Rumination, and More, WebMD


Mountain / Outside Adventure

A Closer Look at the PR Feud Between Liberty Oilfield and The North Face, Outside
A Creative Hack for Storing Your Ski and Snowboard Gear, Outside
5 Most Important Autoloading Rifles, Wide Open Spaces
Picking a Hunting Spot, Western Hunter
Giant Bull Up Close!! Bow Hunting Elk on Public Land in 4K, Eastmans
La Sportiva Theory, La Sportiva
How to Not Get Your Gear Stolen, Outside
Watch: An ode to Mike Wiegele, the father of heli skiing, FreeskierMotherload—The Trials and the Stoke of Single Parent Adventuring, Adventure Journal
Nejc Zaplotnik, Mountain Poet, Alpinist
Uncharted Territory, Uncharted Territory
Ford Transit Adventure Van: GearJunkie’s Ultimate Custom Build, GearJunkie
Outside acquires Pinkbike, CyclingTips, and Trailforks, Outside
NEWS: IFSC Lead World Cups Chamonix and Briançon 2021 – ReportI Bought My ‘Dream’ Tacoma and Hated It: Here’s How I Fixed It, GearJunkie
New-Look Dodge Ram ‘BackCountry Edition’ Adds Off-Road Muscle to 2022 Pickup Truck, GearJunkie
Hardrock 100 Sees Fresh Course Records, and 5 More Stories to Start Your Week, GearJunkie
Climbing and Outdoor News from Here and Abroad – 7/15/21, AAI
The Hardrock 100 Just Changed Its Controversial Lottery System, Outside
Being Waterproof Isn’t Everything – Jack Wolfskin Gossamer 2 Review, Outdoor Gear Review
Huge Marlin Drags Kayak Angler 15 Miles Out to Sea in Grueling Six-Hour Battle, Wide Open Spaces
More brands flocking to Boulder as outdoor business booms, Outside
Archer Sets Off to See How Many Shots it Takes for an Intentional “Robinhood”, Wide Open Spaces
Outdoor brand Klymit acquired by MacNeill Pride Group, Outside
Smith files joint lawsuit against Burton over helmet technology patent infringement, Outside
The Hidden Mutual Aid Network of Hiker Boxes, Outside
Sea to Summit Brings to India State of the Art Gear for Self-Supported Adventures, Outdoor Journal
Is Kanoa Igarashi the LeBron of Surfing?, Outside
No More Game Cameras in AZ!, Eastmans
How Alex Honnold Conquered Fear & Achieved Mastery, AAi
A Magical Realm of Crabs and Chickens, Outside
Running the Isle, Patagonia



High Hurdles for Commonsense Cannabis Reform, Real Clear Policy
How much money influencers make using affiliate marketing programs, Business Insider
Food prices could spike by 14% before October, a supermarket chain owner says. It’s already forcing restaurants to push up their prices., Business Insider

LE Athlete on the State of Policing

Note: In our July 15, 2021 Newsletter we asked LE Athletes in the MTI Community questions about the state of their work and how they felt about it. Their answers are below, – Rob Shaul

Why are you still working in law enforcement? Is it because of job security, benefits, your colleagues, idea of service, close to retirement? Please be as descriptive and honest as possible.

– I’ll hit my 25 year mark and start my 6th year as a homicide detective in November. I’m still here because “if not me, then who?”  I love my work, or more appropriately my vocation, feel called to do it, and I take great pride in serving families through the worst season of their life, but it’s horribly stressful.  Last year we hit an all time record of homicides in Denver, and this year we’re on pace to surpass that.  I hear that something like 8% of our department has retired or quit since September.  Sure, some of those were old heads who’ve crossed their finish line, but many more are guys with just a few years on who can’t/won’t do it any more.  So not only are we doing more work than ever, but we’re short handed, and operating under all sorts of new rules and mandates.  And obviously, even if there was money to run back to back academies, they can’t keep up with the exodus, and our applicant pool isn’t what it used to be.  (As an aside, I tested with over 2,000 people in 1995.  They ran one lateral academy of 14 and a basic of 52 out of that testing pool!)-  I continue to work for several reasons. I have been doing my job for 20 years, I’m good at what I do, and I still enjoy the work and the challenge. I am about 5 years away from retirement eligibility, so I want to stick it out for the retirement. Most importantly, the work I do is important. Evil exists, and I believe I have been put in a specific time and place to fight evil in the tiny sphere in which I exist.

– I continue working because regardless of what other think there are communities that would burn over night without us. I have searched high and low to find something I’d like to do other that Law Enforcement. Truth is, I was born for this. Saving a woman from an abusive spouse or a man from a lying wife. Patching up shooting victims and saving kids by checking on them.

– I still believe in the role I play for society. I’m not usually one for motivational memes but frankly if I’m not going to do it then who is, there is a lot of people entering LE lately based off of false perceptions about what it is we do and are coming in unprepared physically, mentally etc. These folks need a lot of mentorship and guidance. Money is a factor as my adult life has been military / LE but it’s certainly not the only thing holding me in. 

– I have been a police officer in Philadelphia for nearly fourteen years. I am also a reservist in the military. I undertook both professional endeavors to follow in the footsteps of my grandfather who raised me. He served in World War II and then served as a police officer in Philadelphia for nearly fifty (50) years. When I entered the profession, I received a very simple but profound piece of advice: “If this life is what you truly want, make the most of it, be the best at it, and don’t let anyone take it away from you.” I have never aspired to be wealthy – if I did, I would be doing something else – so it stands to reason that the only things keeping me in the profession ae the memory of my grandfather and the notion of being of continued service to the city where I was born and raised.

– The pay, the benefits, and a sense of duty. I have a bachelor’s degree in Sociology & Criminology. I don’t have any other real work experience (besides being a janitor and working in a warehouse as a kid) other than LE. I simply cannot make the same amount of money that I’m making now, in another field. I also have long term health issues, and NEED health insurance in order to survive. I see what’s happening in society, and I see the recruitment numbers falling, and I feel like if I leave too, who will be left? Eventually there won’t be good cops left. It will just be badge heavy idiots if all the smart, good officers leave.

– I enjoy the work and I like to serve the community I live in. It is very rewarding despite the growing dislike for LE.

– Job security is certainly one factor as well as being less than 7 years away from a full retirement.  I also have a belief in what we are doing is right and that the vast majority of my colleagues are working to do the right thing.

– The past few years there have been a number of challenges for LE throughout the nation, some areas greater than others. I am blessed to be in a state that is overall supportive of LE compared to others, so my point of view might be slightly skewed from the get go. ……. There are multiple reasons for me to stay in the LE profession. These include the obvious ones like job security and benefits and continuing to be able to provide a good living for my family. This state has never made it a possibility to reduce numbers through these challenges which gives me some reasons to keep putting out. Due to the overwhelming support from the majority of the population, I still have the drive willingly sacrifice to do jobs that need to be done. ….. One of the more outlying reasons I believe a lot of LE are still in the profession despite pushback from the population and politicians is as simple as the challenge it gives us. As a general rule, people who join LE don’t do it because we think it will be an easy job; it’s a challenge. We tend to be type A personalities who like a good challenge, and this environment provides that challenge to succeed despite the odds. As a result of this mindset, I’ve never even considered quitting, despite inquiries of this from family and my significant other.

– I’m still working in LE because I have approximately 1.5 years left until I retire and I’ve already given 33 years to this profession. Still believe in the profession. …. Can’t wait to retire. Been doing this gig a long time and I’ve had to deal with the worst of the human race for decades.

– I work for DSS and the situation is pretty different from what a lot of officers are going through nation wide.  The challenge of this job working around the world and investigating transnational crime or protecting diplomats is as very interesting to me.  I am also close to retirement.  I do believe in the idea of service but working in the federal government and especially the Department of State can be the hardest part of the job.  As they say, the job is 90% routine and 10% excitement but that 10% is really exciting.    

– I continue to work because I am a hunter. I hunt the wolf. Politics can’t change that. Therefore, I shall train. It’s that simple.

– I can say the main reason I have stayed is because i’m close to retirement but other reasons include service and working with great officers.  Retirement may include some other type of LE but definitely not in a large city due to the reason stated above.

– I saw the “Help Needed” questions and wanted to respond. I am a retired Green Beret with 21 years in the Army. I did a year of contracting post retirement and I will start my job as a Sheriff Deputy in my county on August 2nd. I chose to work in law enforcement because I felt I could no longer effect as much at the federal government level. I feel a personal responsibility to continue to give back post-retirement and feel I can make the most effect locally.

– To put it simply if I had a degree or training in something else I’d do literally anything else. 

– At 8 years of time on in a major metropolitan city police department I hate my job, most of my coworkers, the supervisors, and the city at large. I spent all of the Summer and Fall 2020 looking at and seriously considered quitting. I’m still working in the same area but I’m waiting on a transfer to somewhere nicer in the city and the Detective’s test sometime near December. Due to a lack of current staffing, high attrition, and an inability to get large enough academy classes through I don’t know when this transfer will come through and there’s no promise they’ll promote enough detectives that anyone aside from the top 30 out of over 1000 will get made. This transfer also can’t come soon enough. We don’t do transfers as they get put in so I have to wait an indeterminate amount of time before I can just leave. This wouldn’t be an issue if my supervision and coworkers were good people, they’re not. 

– I have a commanding officer who has been fired and locked up multiple times while on the job, an indirect supervisor who filled a power vacuum using their friendship with said CO and has it out for my partner and I who also was on the chopping block for racking up a litany of complaints and being kicked out of every previous assignment. This supervisor has been sent to the same toilet as me and now there’s only a slight chance she will leave. Until then my partner and I will be victims of her hypocrisy style of command, vindictiveness, and relative incompetence at being a patrol supervisor. 

– At the beginning of the riots last summer I hurt both of my hands because of my coworkers failing to back my partner and I up so those two are literally dead to me. I ended up having a 9 month vacation at the cost of ongoing hand pain but they’ll never know the exact amount of disdain I have for them. If they were the only jerks that would be one thing but now it seems like 1/3 of the squad is alright, 1/3 are suck ups to above mentioned supervisor, and the final 1/3 are the lucky few who can keep their heads down. Should I quit, transfer, or promote I’m saying bye to about 4 to 5 people and then I’m disappearing. 

– I know I’m not the only one who would say this but I wouldn’t recommend this line of work to anyone. I get 6 weekends a year off and in the private sector many companies are adding benefits and pay to retain employees but policing is unique in the sense that the employer and city are actively trying to cut benefits. Even health benefits are on the chopping block, again, even as we are coming out of a pandemic when many of us used said health benefits to receive treatment. Obviously we can’t work from home with patrol drones but would actual maternity/paternity leave be too much to ask!? All of these cuts aren’t because the city is going broke from lost tax revenue but it’s punitive because we are all racist white cops. Are my coworkers racist? No. Are they paid only at the median nationwide, wannabe tough guys, and undertrained? Yes. Strip the benefits and pay and there’s no incentive to stay. 

– If it weren’t for my wife, family, and partner I would’ve lost it by now. My wife being the biggest help because she’s letting me put entire paychecks towards my student loan debt so that way in a little over a year from now I can be debt free and we can seriously talk about a career change. Even if I stay I have no intention of staying past year 25. I am not staying long enough to watch the pendulum swing back to America being pro-police and pro law and order. Heck, half of these hypocrites who were waving thin blue line tags last summer took them down after January 6th! I see where we stand. 

– Thank you for giving me space to air out my grievances and feelings about the job. I release I went on quite a bit. It used to be super cool and an adventure but now it’s more like a tedious slog where I get $200 a day and a bit more lower back ache at the ripe old age of 31. At least I have what matters in good working order: my marriage, my dog, my finances, my family life, my house and my ‘92 Miata.

Have you considered quitting? If so, what is the primary reason?

– And yes, I have considered quitting, but I won’t.  However, because of everything going on I’m now planning on leaving sooner than I expected to.  At this point, if I can, I’ll hang on until 55, which is 8 more years, and then go find another job to keep me busy and make me feel like I’m contributing to doing God’s work.  Sadly, my whole unit is making similar plans. 

– I have never considered quitting, yet I am looking forward to retirement and a complete change of careers. Due to the “Ferguson Effect” I no longer work investigations that require a lot of time in low income, high crime areas. I stick to the white collar fraud as much as I can.

– Quitting, I want to quit everyday. The amount of hamstringing that happens is detrimental to officers. The hate and danger this job carries now is draining. The constant fear of being charged criminally and departmentally is polarizing.

– Yes, I honestly felt betrayed through the summer of 2020. We are not perfect and we have to understand that, but to see how quickly the politicians just dumped us and ran was astonishing. Considering the influence politicians have and that they create and demand laws be enforced I was angry to see them just leave us and run like they have no part to play as we’ve seen over that latter part of last year. I stayed for the community and reading some history. This isn’t the first time we’ve been left out to dry and it won’t be the last.

– Yes. Absolutely. I recently planned and executed a warrant service where I had every reason to believe 1) my target was inside and 2) he would be armed. For such jobs, as a matter of principle, I go through the door first. The service went smoothly with no force required, but I cannot help but think to that moment in time – a half second in reality, but a subjective eternity – right before I knocked and announced. I thought: my wife and children may be about to lose me in me one of two ways. First, they may lose me to injury; he may fire at me and hit me, rendering me dead or disabled and thereby depriving my family of the husband and father they knew. Second, I maybe be forced to act in self-defense, either pre-emptively or reactively, and my family will lose me to criminal prosecution, loss of freedom, destruction of reputation, and capacity to earn a living. I remember thinking: when this is over, I really have to think about whether my family deserves this risk?

– Yes, every day that I work I consider quitting. The primary reason is my agency doesn’t have leaders, we have managers. They don’t know the first thing about leadership, or teamwork. It feels like it’s every man for himself now. They have never once acknowledged any of the good things I’ve done. The people I’ve helped. Nor any of the officers at this agency.They only acknowledge when you do something wrong. The secondary reason is I feel like no matter how right I am, society will still think I’m wrong. I can make a split second decision, that was the best decision at the time, and I’ll still be looked at as a criminal, and potentially have my life and livelihood taken from me.

– I have considered quitting. There were new laws passed in my state that will make it difficult to get justice for victims. The laws seem to be more protective of the suspect and have no thought that there is usually a victim attached to each suspect. In the end the community and victims will suffer.

– Yes, or perhaps a more appropriate answer is the consideration that I would/will quit if support from upper police administrators and elected city officials falls below a threshold that honestly I have not yet identified.  That would be carefully weighed however due to the proximity of my retirement.

– I’ve never considered seriously quitting. Frustrated, yes, but quitting no.

– I’m in my 28th year as a Deputy Sheriff, currently serving as the Division Chief of our Operations Division. I have been blessed with a great career. I chose the profession, and continue in it, to serve others. I have been promoted several times and now my primary focus of service is supporting the exceptional men and women in our agency. I support them so they can do their job serving and protection our community.

– I have definitely considered leaving or moving agencies over the past year.  This is not related to the reckoning the city state and local departments are facing.  Leadership is a problem everywhere and that is no different in DSS.  Mission creep and interagency fights are also a problem in DSS as well as working for a department whose is not focused on LE.  Most of the Department don’t even know DSS is a Fed LE agency and only look at us as the locks and key smith or the folks you see when you get in trouble.

– I have never quit anything I attempted and do not see myself starting now.


How has your work become more difficult, and/or unexpectedly easier over the past year?

– The political/societal environment is absolutely making my job harder.  The guys are the street are understandably leery of making contacts for low level offenses, which means the people I need to talk to as part of my investigations aren’t getting stopped, and our criminal element as a whole is emboldened.  The lawmakers’ focus on us as the problem is disheartening.  Here in CO the past two legislative sessions have produced a slew of bills aimed at the police, and many more making life easier for the bad guys by decriminalizing, reducing penalties, and “reforming” jails.  All in all the message is clear-LE is what’s wrong with America and if those in power can just reign us in, everything will be fine.  Disgusting!

– In some aspects, the work has become easier because there’s a lot of things I’ve “figured out” and don’t have to reinvent the wheel. I have developed a skillset that is highly adaptable. In other ways, it’s become more difficult due to a significant reduction in force (my agency has 70% less agents than it did when I started 20 years ago) and senior leadership that is openly hostile to our mission.

– I think most everyone in this profession has considered leaving at some point for various reasons. Certainly the current political narrative is causing a larger number to give thought and/or execute on the decision to leave. I have given thought to it a few times. I was actually going to retire in March 2021 but was asked to stay a couple more years to assist our current Sheriff finish out his 5th term and the transition to a new administration. This decision has continues the sacrifices my family makes while I’m in his profession.

– The job is more dangerous than ever. More fatal encounters with police will continue to rise, for both officers and civilians. People want safety and less police at the same time. People will ostracize police and call them in the same breath. Instead of putting more money into training both initial and concurrent the public wants to defund us. BJJ training for officers is pivotal but is on the officer to pay for. With such a small salary it is outlandish to think someone can do that.

– Choosing what to get involved in is a big thing now. It used to be based on being legal and ethical, now you have to think and consider far beyond that. I’m very hesitant to get involved in a lot of proactive work now that I’m not ordered to do, vs a year ago I would be hunting all the time. Every police investigative body is looking to nail people right now, not a bitch, just a fact of the world we’re in right now. 

– It has become immeasurably more difficult. Full stop. There is more crime. There are fewer officers. There is less we are able to accomplish to address the surging crime. Yet the demand to “do something about it” from our supervisors and command staff  – themselves immune from the hazards of street duty – have risen proportionate to the crime rate. It is the Philadelphia Paradox.

– People question everything you do, people argue with everything you do, people flee and fight about 10x more (I looked at my agency stats, it’s about 10 times more). Society has zero respect for police, and automatically assume they know more than the police, and that they can do whatever they want because the police have zero power anymore. People call me racist just about every day when they don’t even know me. It’s almost like reverse racism in a way. I just had a guy call my partner and I racist, and we said that he doesn’t even know us. His response was that he doesn’t need to know us, because he knows “our kind.” How is that any better than racism itself?

– Like I said in question 2, new laws making it harder to do our job and an increased work load.

– The difficulty lies in interacting with protestors/demonstrators.  Even if they’re full of shit, its no picnic to stand there while you’re being motherfucked.  I will say however the silent supporters have been very supportive.  I have not seen so many quiet donations of water/food to my dept on a regular basis.

– The operating environment has changed drastically in the past 10 years, even more so from when the more senior officers began their careers. We have to be more thoughtful and deliberate with our responses. We have to pay more attention to the details, that before didn’t matter as much, but today are make or break for a case. We have to return to the mindset of the beat cop, “winning the hearts and minds” of the local populace. For years we strayed away from this mentality for the most part. I believe this was due to using cars and losing the personal connection with the citizens, and just doing our jobs according to the job description. We need to focus on developing those relationships and showing how we really are here to offer service and protection in a courtesy manner.

– I work major crimes so the majority of my job doesn’t deal with the issues patrol faces every day. Just the normal changes to the laws because of legislative changes and case law.

– DSS managed this fairly well.  My office leadership was willing to have frank an open conversations and did not offer up agents to participate in any of the protests.  The misuse of federal agents needlessly put a lot of people and agents in harms way.  I believe the reckoning was due.  I present to foreign cops routinely how the US has 18000 police agencies and over 1 million cops.  The lack of standardization in hiring/training/jurisdiction drives a lot of the problems.  I started my career like you in the USCG and was a plank owner at the MLE Academy.  Many Coasties would gripe about feeling as though they were not “real LE” and that was due to the restraint and professionalism instilled into each boarding officer.  I still hold those lessons close today and think that approach should be mandated nationwide and we move to a national standard (this will never happen).

– I’ve worked in the 8th largest PD for over 24 years now and in the last few years how you do has become much more difficult.  The work and the laws are the same BUT what has changed  because of the politics involved are the department’s policies on how officers do their job.  Departments, who are controlled by politicians, can change their policies much easier than states can change laws and once policies change that will affect how officers operate. … LE is an awesome job giving you the ability to help people every day but the current political climate, that will impact LE for years to come, makes it extremely difficult to do your job effectively.

– I am currently working in LE. The question you ask is the very question I ask myself on a multiple occasions. I have been doing this job for over 30 years and regardless of what politicians are supporting and the rhetoric that bleeds into the those that wants to eliminate and defund the police, there are many who still support the police. Those people are still in need of police. Even those that want to defund us.  I also served in the military and swore an oath to protect this country against foreign and domestic enemies.   Regardless of the circumstances, I will not surrender to weakness. I consider those who are ignorant and gullible a weakness

– Law enforcement in the area I live in is still respected by most, but unfortunately things have slowly started to change over the – last year. People forget there are some 700,000 law enforcement officers in our country. If you take any population of that size you will have some bad folks, doesn’t mean the entire population is bad.


How has being a cop changed you?

 – Lots of things, both good and bad. I have a front-row seat to seeing the worst in people, which sometimes results in trust issues. I have seen too many bank accounts and hard drives of “good” people to know that a lot of folks aren’t as good as they put on.  I am a lot more careful in public, and avoid crowded venues. I am protective of my wife and children, especially when it comes to what they view online. The biggest change I have experienced is that I have a very low opinion of single motherhood. For several years, I spent a considerable time working welfare and food stamp fraud, and the overwhelming majority of the perpetrators were women exchanging the benefits meant for their children and using them for alcohol and drugs. I am probably one of only a handful of law enforcement officers who has arrested more women than men as a result. One of the good things that has happened is that I enjoy talking to people. For every “bad guy” I deal with, I have talk to 3 or 4 “good guys” and it helps balance me out and keep me from being so jaded.

– This question would take more time and space than I will bore you with. Maybe this will suffice. I have come to realize how blessed I am. The problems in my life are nothing compared to those we serve. My worse day doesn’t compare to that of a child being abuse by parents; sex assault victims, robbery victims, homicides, etc. I’m more empathetic and compassionate than I was when I started.

– The work is certainly more challenging. While the community we serve is overall very supportive there are a few vocal opponents who make life difficult for us and our deputies. I think a greater challenge I face now in my current role is reminding deputies to remember why they chose this profession and stay committed and strong. Those that have the determination and stamina to stay are struggling with staying proactive when the politicians and activists want less law enforcement presence – except when there is an active killer, or incidents that directly affect them.

– The usual for change, angry more often, everyones an asshole… I still have a soft side and I have a good sense of awareness about myself, so I just try and check in with myself to make sure I’m holding it together. Every cop should read “emotional survival”. I threw away my first copy thinking it wouldn’t happen to me. I read it not to long ago and it was almost humorous how much that was me. I started a degree to give myself options, not going anywhere but I think we saw what we’re worth in some communities so I want to have a plan B should that day come unexpectedly. 

– I was raised in a liberal, progressive section of the city. I labored to see the best in humanity. I do so no longer. I pray that my children will be strong enough in the event they must see and experience even a portion of that which I have seen and experienced. I see the world as a place where harmless creatures – children, animals, the elderly – are wantonly abused, exploited, tortured, victimized, humiliated, and ultimately murdered. I see the world as a place where heinous acts spare no one. I see the world as a place where our leaders lie, especially when they tell the media that “public safety is their top priority” as homicides surge and our ranks dwindle under the onslaught of career-assassination from our rear flanks. I see the world as a house of horrors, where evil-doers and politicians are working toward the same ends, but only one group is honest about it.

– Being an LEO has caused me to be more spacially aware of whose around me and what they’re doing. I’m more cynical. I don’t take people at face value. They have to prove their trustworthy and decent before I allow them anywhere close to my personal being.

– I see the bad in everything now. I forget that most people are good, normal people. When you spend enough time around shit heads, it’s easy to forget about normal society.

– I grew up in Southern California and now I work on an Indian Reservation. I was made aware of a culture I haven’t known before and my experience has been amazing. As far as dealing with people I work in a rural area and we don’t have back up for many of our calls. As a result you get good at the “verbal judo.” I have grown to be more patient with people and now I feel I can talk my way out of or into anything.

– I realized the level of bullshit and disgusting behavior people are capable of.  It has made me more jaded in my view of humanity.  It has made me less caring on some levels. I realized how completely full of shit the media can be.  I learned that people who say they really want change aren’t open to the realities of how things really are. It has also made me aware of what I need to do to maintain my mental and physical health as an individual.

– Ultimately, i believe being a cop doesn’t completely change a person. It merely brings out more fully who we are. It reveals aspects of our personality we may have been suppressing or pretending didn’t exist for years. Upon reflection, this is what’s happened for me over the last decade. This reality has given me more than enough to improve upon myself over the years. So, in a way, it’s ultimately made me a better more measured person. I believe this is true for all LE as long as the person is willing to look at how you’ve handled situations and how to make it better next time. This seems to be a common trend among LE that make it through long careers. ….. While times will continue to change, I believe the core of LE will continue to rise and meet challenges. Eventually the pendulum will swing the other way and support for LE nationwide will improve. Until that time comes back around, I will continue to enjoy the challenging work environment as a way to get better at my profession.

– I was a punk ass kid before.  After the USCG mellowed me out, I sought something more focused.  DSS gave me some of the best training in the U.S. Gov and it has made me a better human overall.  Having to face a room full of foreign cops and explain what my countrymen have done creates a lot of introspection.  The road continues but everyday presents an opportunity to grow and learn.

– Being in law enforcement will continue to allow me to give back locally, while remaining home (versus traveling as a contractor) in order to be around my kids as much as possible.

Arete 7.15.21

Military / Foreign Relations / National Security

Enlisted airmen can earn up to $360,000 in retention bonuses in these fields, Air Force Times
5 best states for veterans to retire, Air Force Times
China military ‘drove away’ US warship in South China Sea, Al Jazerra
Israel’s Drone Swarm Over Gaza Should Worry Everyone, Defense One
German election officials exclude communists, anarchists from September vote,
Most of the commandos who killed Haiti’s president were Colombians, police says,
Pentagon services face unaffordable F-35 operations and sustainment costs by 2036, Janes
Why can’t the Navy keep its surface warfare officers?, Navy Times
USS Bonhomme Richard fire emails raise questions about criminal charges, Navy Times
Special Operations News Update – Monday, July 12, 2021, Small Wars Journal
The inside story behind the Pentagon’s ill-fated quest for a real-life ‘Iron Man’ suit, Task & Purpose
Haiti requests US security forces to guard infrastructure amid turmoil, The Hill
Another “Crisis” in Civil-Military Relations?, War on the Rocks
Can Europe Escape Gazprom’s Energy Stranglehold?, Homeland Security Newswire
What Xi Jinping’s Communist Party Valedictory Speech Can Tell Us About His Conception of China and Its Role in the World, RAND Corp
SOFWERX – SOF Small Arms Weapons Assessment Event Series, Soldier Systems

First Responder / Homeland Security / Wildland Fire

Heat wave roasts West as wildfires explode in size, Axios
Half a Million Acres Are Already Ablaze in 2021 Wildfire Season, Edge
Wildfires Threaten California’s Power Grid, Homeland Security Newswire
A case study in ditching ‘Dirty Helmet Syndrome’ – and where we can still improve, FireRescue1
Effect of vented helmets on heat stress during wildland firefighter simulation, International Journal of Wildland Fire
ATF Agents, Chicago Officer Shot in Unmarked Vehicle, Police Mag
Ambush Assaults on Officers Rise in Criminally Emboldened Environment, Tactical Life Mag

Fitness / Health / Nutrition

Tokyo 2020 Doesn’t Want Weightlifting Doping Headaches, Breaking Muscle
When taste and healthfulness compete, taste has a hidden advantage, Science Daily
The Southern diet – fried foods and sugary drinks – may raise risk of sudden cardiac death, Science Daily
The Key to Resilience? Open-Ended Workouts., Outside
How Mental Training Can Make You Physically Stronger, Outside
Genetic Basis for the Dominance of Israeli Long-Distance Runners of Ethiopian Origin, JSCR
The Outside Guide to Happiness, Outside
JJ Watt Calls Out Fake Weights on Social Media Workout Videos, Men’s Health
Don’t Buy What Wellness Influencers Are Selling, Outside
Contrast Training Gives You a Chance to Hone Strength and Power Together, Men’s Health
Alcohol Abuse Is on the Rise. Here’s Why Doctors Fail to Treat It., NY Times
No Evidence Muscle Relaxers Ease Low Back Pain, WebMD

Mountain / Outside Adventure

Tested: Pants You Can Pee In, Outside
First Attempt: Athlete Sets Off to Solo Kayak 2,000 km Around Iceland, ‘Against the Current’, GearJunkie
Vertx Expands Women’s Line, Recoil
Am I a Hypocrite for Driving to the Wilderness?, Outside
How This Surfer Nourishes His Mind and Body, Outside
As Lake Powell Dwindles, Wonders Unseen in Decades Begin to Open, Adventure Journal
The Weird, Wonderful Mystery of Squirt Boating, Adventure Journal
Climbing Rope Inspection and Retirement, AAI
Lightning Hazard in the Mountains, AAI
Climbing and Outdoor News from Here and Abroad – 7/8/21, AAI
Wonder in the Wandering: Slowing Down to Speed Up, Osprey Packs
The Best Campground in Every State, Outside
New climb on Marmarole in the Dolomites by Stefan Glowacz, Philipp Hans,
Rescue Operation for a Stranded Kayaker Cost More Than $42k, The Adventure Blog
5 awesome alternatives to popular national parks, The Outbound Collective
Epic Pass Holder Skied 12.4 MILLION Vertical Feet This Past Winter, Unofficial Networks



Amazon Controls Virtually Everything You Watch, Real Clear Policy
Navy SEAL who shot Bin Laden in the face wants you to invest in this beer company, Task & Purpose
Kaitlyn Bristowe Asks Fans to Be Open-Minded About No Masturbation Challenge Bachelorette Episode, Men’s Health
Food for People Who Can’t Swallow Is the Ultimate Culinary Challenge, Bloomberg
By One Measure, Bitcoin Is One Of This Year’s Worst-Performing Asset Classes, Bloomberg
: Electric-car sales in China are expected to double this year, Marketwatch
Before ‘Shark Week’ and ‘Jaws,’ World War II taught Americans to fear shark attacks, Business Insider

Arete 7.8.21

Military / Foreign Relations / National Security

Special Operations News Update – Tuesday, July 6, 2021, Small Wars Journal
The Enemy Within and Without: Historical Examples of Islamic and Buddhist Fundamentalism, Small Wars Journal
Tajikistan bolsters border after Afghan troops flee Taliban offensive, Axios
What’s behind the dispute between Saudi Arabia and the UAE?, Al Jazeera
The Army is investigating a married officer accused of faking deployments and awards amid affairs with several women, Task & Purpose
Defense secretary steps in, OKs Navy grad’s pursuit of NFL dream, AF Times
Biden administration seeks reversal for deported veterans, The Hill
Colombia court accuses soldiers of killing 120 civilians, Al Jazeera
Mexico arrests gang member accused of killing Indigenous leader, Al Jazeera
Ex-Belarus presidential hopeful jailed for 14 years, Al Jazeera
U.S. military says Afghanistan withdrawal is 90% complete, Axios
America, Indicted, Foreign Policy
Former member of Australian parliament accuses government minister of sexual misconduct, Axios
Rafael combines AI and automatic target recognition in new Sea Breaker missile, Defense News
US Navy ditches futuristic railgun, eyes hypersonic missiles, Defense News
What America Didn’t Understand About Its Longest War, Poltico
Air Force Found Largely Responsible for Texas Church Shooting, WSJ
Pentagon official placed on leave over allegations of unauthorized release of classified info, Defense News
Turkey to make its own maritime missile-launching system after sanctions interrupt Lockheed plans, Defense News
East Germany Is Still a Country of Its Own, Foreign Policy
‘Black Hawk Down’ Veterans to Receive 58 Silver Stars, Defense One
Killer Flying Robots Are Here. What Do We Do Now?, Foreign Policy
Swiss Pick F-35 to Replace Old Fighter Jets, Defense One
Germans see better ties with US since Biden took office: poll,
The West Gets Serious With Lukashenko—but Not Serious Enough, Foreign Policy
Three dead and six wounded in stabbing attack in Germany – reports, The Guardian
Is There National Security Continuity Between the Trump and Biden Administrations?, Hudson Institute
Hamas defends its military summer camps for children and teenagers, Long War Journal
Marine sentenced for stealing ammunition says he was pressured by recon community, Marine Corps Times
Verdict: Marine Raider guilty in death of Green Beret staff sergeant, Marine Corps Times
Prepare for mandatory COVID vaccines in September, Army tells commands, Military Times
Russia ready to use army base in Tajikistan as crisis in Afghanistan escalates, Pravda Report
America-led NATO in Afghanistan: Crimes against humanity call for accountability, Pravda Reort
The Army’s New Submachine Gun Is a Tiny Terror, Sandbox News
The South China Sea Reveals China’s Grand Strategy, Real Clear Defense
Coast Guard on Guam Now at Full Strength, Real Clear Defense
The US withdrawal from Afghanistan is a giant clusterf–k, Task & Purpose
The US military needs to burn down its zero-tolerance weed policy, Task & Purpose
Warbots: Tactically Brilliant, Strategically Naive, War on the Rocks
The Space Force Has its First Marines — and Soldiers and Sailors, The Edge

First Responder / Homeland Security / Wildland Fire

Gang behind huge cyber-attack demands $70m in Bitcoin, BBC
TX Sheriffs, Federal Police Fdn Sue Biden over Immigration, Real Clear Policy
San Jose to Tax Gun Owners over Gun Violence, The Independent
The Signal and the Noise: Understanding China’s Military Threats, RAND Blog
7 firefighters working at Surfside condo collapse test positive for COVID-19, FireRescue 1
Detroit lieutenant fatally shot in road rage incident, FireRescue 1
Bringing tech innovation to wildfires: 4 keys to smart firefighting as megafires menace the , FireRescue 1
National Police Association Releases Video Asking Public to Comply with Police, Police Magazine
Police Groups Sue MN Over New Deadly Force Law, Police Magazine
Armed “Sovereign” Group Surrenders to Massachusetts Police After Highway Standoff Over Firearms Registration, Police Magazine
Judge Orders Minneapolis to Hire More Police, Police Magazine
Minnesota Legislature Passes Bill That Makes Doxing of Officers a Misdemeanor, Police Magazine
Federal firefighters to receive retention pay this year, Wildfire Today
REI Co-op Donates $250,000 to Female Wildland Fire Crews, GearJunkie

Fitness / Health / Nutrition

Four-day week ‘an overwhelming success’ in Iceland, BBC
Why the Air Force will allow airmen to walk instead of run on their fitness tests, Task & Purpose
A Guide to Proper Footwear Selection for Athletes, Breaking Muscle
Effects of Resistance Training on Physical Performance in High-Level 800-Meter Athletes: A Comparison Between High-Speed Resistance Training and Circuit Training, JSCR
How The CDC’s Blindspots Complicated The Fight Against COVID-19, FiveThirtyEight
Is What You See What You Get? Perceptions of Personal Trainers’ Competence, Knowledge, and Preferred Sex of Personal Trainer Relative to Physique, JSCR
12 Rules to Optimize Your Health for a 21st Century Mindset, Breaking Muscle
Resistance Training Practices of Sprint Coaches, JSCR
8 Recovery Methods: What to Do After Your Workout, Mark’s Daily Apple
Should You Take a Probiotic?, Men’s Journal
Getting Into Fitness at Age 50 and Beyond, Mark’s Daily Apple
Treating Canker Sores with Honey,
Do We Really Need to Take 10,000 Steps a Day for Our Health?, NY Times
How Doximity parlayed its popularity with doctors into a blockbuster IPO, STAT
Many Generic Meds Cheaper at COSTCO Than Medicare, WebMD


Mountain / Outside Adventure

Warrior West 21 – Soliyarn Smart Clothing, Soldier Systems
Segway on Steroids: LyteHorse’s Electric ‘Stand-Up ATV’ Looks Insane, GearJunkie
By The Numbers: How Bad is Thermal Degradation in Synthetic Insulation?, Backpacking Light
Why We Love Thermacell Mosquito Control Gear, Wirecutter
The Toughest Climbing Event You’ve Never Heard Of | Red Bull Creepers, Red Bull
Reece Wilson’s Crash Is the Gnarliest We’ve Seen Yet, TGR
Long Range Archery Ethics, Eastman’s Blog
Chasing Altitude | Colorado 14er Mountain Bike Film, Unofficial Networks
VIDEO: Fly Fishing Yellowstone by Horseback, Unofficial Networks
Casey Brown Is Hosting a Women’s Freeride Invitational in Revelstoke, TGR
Outdoor Retailer and The Big Gear Show release exhibitor lists, floor plan, more, Outside Business Journal
Gear Backpackers Ditch First, AAI
In This Swiss Alps Town, People Paraglide Everywhere—Even to Work, Adventure Journal
The Gear Our Editors Loved in June, Outside
Top 5 Freerunning Moments From Red Bull Art Of Motion, Red Bull
New Utah Law Prohibits Hunting & Fishing Licenses for Parents Behind on Child Support, Unofficial Networks
The Hero’s Journey, Arc’teryx
Watch Adam Ondra climb Super Crackinette, world’s first 9a+ flash, Planetmountain
The Hoka Speedgoat Mids Cured My Blisters, Outside
RECALL: Patagonia sun protection products, Outside Business Journal
ExpertVoice fires back to rebut Grassroots Outdoor Alliance’s claims, Outside Business Journal
Big Fighter climbed on Chaupi Huanca in Peru by Álex González, Jaume Peiró, Planet Mountain
Watch Nicolas Hojac, Adrian Zurbrügg speed across the Monte Rosa Traverse, Planet Mountain
Alpine Climbing Sleep System – 6 Tips for Better Trips, Therm-a-Rest Blog
TRAILER: HBO’s New Surf Documentary “100 Foot Wave”, Unofficial Networks



Norway photo law aims to regulate influencers, BBC
The pandemic created boomerang-worker tech hubs — and they’re not going away, Axios
France in a fizz over Russia’s champagne label law, BBC
New German ID Cards: More control, less freedom?,
Far More Adults Don’t Want Kids than Previously Thought, Real Clear Policy
The Internet Is Rotting, The Atlantic
The Political Effects of Social Media Platforms on Different Regime Types, Texas National Security Review
Is Facebook a monopolist?, The Economist
AI Technology Is Already Replacing Middle Management Roles, The Edge
56% of Americans oppose the right to sue social media companies for what users post, Pew Research Center
Why Republicans Are Starting To Make Their Own Climate Agenda, FiveThirtyEight

MARSOC Candidates Lose Fat, Gain Muscle During Tactical Phases of ITC

By Rob Shaul

A recent study published in the July, 2021 issue of the Journal of Conditioning Research, “Altered Physical Performance Following Advanced Special Operations Tactical Training,” tracked strength and fitness changes of 73 Marine Corps MARSOC candidates over 9 months while they completed the 5 phases of the Individual Training Course: SERE, ground combat/Amphip Ops, Special RECON, CQB, and Irregular Warfare, and for the enlisted candidates, Basic Language Schools.

A battery of physiological and fitness assessments were completed before ITC, at the conclusion of ITC, and again at the end of the Basic Language Course. Pre and post ITC results are below:

What was most interesting to us was the pre and post ITC results. The Candidates decreased bodyfat 6.5%, increased muscle mass by 2.2%, and increased shoulder strength. Nearly every other measure including Anaerobic capacity, aerobic capacity, V02 at lactate threshold, agility and 300-yard shuttle times decreased. However, none of these decreases was more than 5%. 

Our assumption is that during the different phases of ITC, candidates get little time for formal fitness training beyond their tactical training, so the tactical training does a fairly good job of keeping their overall fitness up, and it has a positive effect of cutting fat and increasing lean mass.

The study also tested the enlisted candidates at the conclusion of their Basic Language Course  (BLC) and found overall strength increased, but aerobic and anaerobic fitness continued to decline. 

BLC is classroom-intensive, but does include combatives training. Strength coaches are on hand to program and coach training sessions, but the candidates are not required to use them – which is somewhat disappointing. Our sense, based on the results is that not surprisingly, many of the candidates were sick of endurance and got back in the weight room to train strength primarily on their own.



You Might Also Like MTI’s MARSOC ITC Training Plan

Arete 7.1.21

Military / Foreign Relations / National Security

AC-130J gunship team honored for saving 88 Americans, Afghans in overseas shootout, Air Force Times
An Army brigade posted to Taiwan, and other ways to counter China being floated, Air Force Times
Moderate Democrats rebuke defense budget cuts, Defense News
Air Force activates first of its kind wing for spectrum, Defense News
US to keep about 650 troops in Afghanistan after withdrawal, Defense News
China’s Fusion Research Is Heating Up, Defense One
France Rejects Le Pen’s Far-Right Party, Foreign Policy
U.S. Strikes Point to Growing Iranian Drone Threat, Foreign Policy
The Quad Is a Delusion, Foreign Policy
All UK arrivals in EU should be quarantined, says Angela Merkel, The Guardian
The Future of Warfare, Hudson Institute
US Army leverages VR technology to improve combat decision making, Janes
The U.S. Marines’ mythic fight at Belleau Wood, Marine Corps Times
Navy says goodbye to relaxed grooming standards, Navy Times
Norway gets tougher on US’ spying, Norway News
Germany continues waging war of vaccines against Russia, Pravda Report
Competing with Russia Militarily, RAND Corp
Decoding China’s Recent Combat Drills in the First Island Chain, Real Clear Defense
Hypersonic Missiles: A New Arms Race, The Diplomat
A Tale of Two Surges, Modern War Institute
Portable Nuclear Reactor Program Sparks Controversy, NatiDef
Marines Corps Intensifies Infantry Training, Stars & Stripes
U.S. Navy Ships Close to Getting ICBM Interceptors,Bloomberg
Hundreds of Whistleblower Complaints From Troops, Stars & Stripes
How China Will Try to Unmask U.S. Submarines, Forbes
US ‘Retains Clear Superiority’ In Cyber; China Rising: IISS Study, Breaking Defense
Who’s Who in Defense: Gen. David Berger, Commandant of the Marine Corps, Breaking Defense
What we know about the Air Force veteran killed in an alleged hate crime in Massachusetts, Taks & Purspose
Debunking the AI Arms Race Theory, Texas Nat Security Review
When Japan Waged a Currency War Against China, The Diplomat
Drone Attacks on Indian Air Force Base in Jammu Underscore New Threat, The Diplomat
North Korea’s Economy Continues to Show Warning Signs, The Diplomat
Trump screamed at Milley over military crackdown on protests: book, The Hill
As Afghanistan war nears end, details emerge on how Predator drone revolutionized warfare, War is Boring
Hellfires Wanted: It’s Time to Start Tasking Armed Drones as Combat Aircraft, War on the Rocks


First Responder / Homeland Security / Wildland Fire

Biden Administration Forces Out Trump-Era Border Patrol Chief, NY Times
Biden Officials Consider Phasing Out Rule That Blocked Migrants During Pandemic, NY Times
The information gradient: How all firefighters contribute to the knowledge base, Fire Rescue 1
2 FFs, 2 FF-medics quit Calif. FD after city rejects funding proposal, Fire Rescue 1
NJ firefighter dies following training session, Fire Rescue 1
Police: ‘Samaritan’ killed Colo. gunman, then was shot by police while holding suspect’s gun, Police 1

Lenco FireCat helps put out fire under threat of armed gunman, Police 1
Slain Colorado Officer was Ambushed by Gunman who Hated Police, Police Mag
CNN — pay disparity between Federal firefighters and other jurisdictions is “staggering”, Wildfire Today
Forest Service document reports 25% of hotshot crews can’t meet required standards, Wildfire Today
A Degradation of Law and Order: Why Police Officers are Walking Away, Tactical Gun Life


Fitness / Health / Nutrition

Goodbye, coffee? Service members might soon be fueled by a jolt to the brain, Air Force Times
Juul to pay North Carolina $40M for targeting teens with e-cigs, Al Jazerra
Mixing Covid vaccines gives good protection, study suggests, BBC
Pfizer and Moderna Vaccines Likely to Produce Lasting Immunity, Study Finds, NY Times
How to Organize Your Fridge, Wirecutter
Running to music combats mental fatigue, study suggests, Science Daily
Red America’s Covid Problem, NY Times
8 Reasons Your Balls Hurt, Men’s Health
Challenging Trent Alexander-Arnold’s Vision | Improving A Pro Footballer’s Eyesight & Reactions, Red Bull
What Happened When This Guy Did Pullups For 1 Hour Wearing a 30-Pound Weighted Vest, Men’s Health
I Challenge You to Train Like a Human, Breaking Muscle
Switching from Western diet to a balanced diet may reduce skin, joint inflammation, Science Daily
Acute Effect of Popular High-Intensity Functional Training Exercise on Physiologic Markers of Growth, JSCR
Effects of Caffeine Chewing Gum on Exercise Tolerance and Neuromuscular Responses in Well-Trained Runners, JSCR
Effects of Preferred vs. Nonpreferred Music on Resistance Exercise Performance, JSCR
Maximal Oxygen Consumption Requirements in Professional North American Ice Hockey, JSCR
Prediction of Anaerobic Power From Standing Long Jump in NCAA Division IA Football Players, JSCR
How to Bulk Up and Gain Muscle Mass, Men’s Health
Is Coffee Shrinking Your Brain? Here’s Where to Cut Yourself Off, Men’s Journal
What It Takes to Run a Mountain-Ultra-Trail Race, Outside
5 Moves to Protect Your Joints from Injury, Outside


Mountain / Outside Adventure

What It’s Like to Spray a Bear: One Man’s Takeaways From a Close Encounter, GearJunkie
Idaho camper kills charging bull moose,
Freedom From Mosquitoes: How Thermacell’s Portable MR300 Battles the Bugs, GearJunkie
Rephotographing Wind River Glaciers — Ed Sherline Q&A, Backcountry Ski Blog
This Might Be the, Um, Poo-Fect Trowel, Adventure Journal
Spearfishing Is About Connecting with the Environment, Outside
Doing the Work, Patagonia
Watch Marco Sappa climb Greenspit in Valle dell’Orco, Italy, Planet Mountain
The Crawfish Boogie, HL News
Arizona Finalizes Complete Trail Camera Ban Starting in 2022, Wide Open Spaces
Heavy arrow resurgence,
The Caribbean Island Which Is Kiteboarding Heaven | Red Bull Backyards, Red Bull
2021 Special Report On Fishing Emphasizes Highest Overall Participation in 14 Years, HL News
The Chase to Ride a 100-Foot Wave, Adventure Journal
Hike ‘Step by Step’ Through Summer With This Black Diamond Athlete, GearJunkie
How To Glass Without Using A Grid, Western Hunter
Ski Mountaineering to get its Olympic Bid?, Backcountry Ski Blog
A Mountaineering Nurse Deals With Adversity—of All Kinds—at Altitude, Adventure Journal
Climbing and Outdoor News from Here and Abroad – 6/24/21, AAI
Bears vs. Humans: Who’s The Real Problem?, Eastman’s Blog
Chantel Astorga interview after Cassin Ridge solo on Denali in Alaska, Planet Mountain
A Human-Powered Tour of the PNW Volcanoes, Outside
Arc’teryx Gets Woke With New Upcycled Range, The Adventure Blog
Hannah Barron Noodles Up 40-Pound Flathead and 60-Pound Blue Catfish in the Same Day, Wide Open Spaces
It’s All Home Water: The Bahamas, Patagonia
Don’t Move or You’re Dead, The Outdoor Journal
VIDEO: Gnarly Mayfly Hatch Engulfs Minnesota Fisherman, Unofficial Networks
New report shows need for protection of mule deer migration corridors,
Shad Me, Gray’s Outdoor Journal


‘Why I’m leaving the cult of wokeness’,AAI
Pacific Northwest heat wave peaks Monday with temperatures 50 degrees above average, Axios
One of the largest owners of Bitcoins dies under mysterious circumstances, Pravda Report
How Tiger Global is changing Silicon Valley, The Economist

In EV era, batteries are the new oil, Axios
Today’s electric vehicle market: Slow growth in U.S., faster in China, Europe, Pew Research Center
New ATF Brace Ban Explained, Recoil
How a Burner Identity Protects Your Inbox, Phone, and Credit Cards, Wirecutter
Praying Mantis Takes on a Small Snake and Devours It For Dinner, Wide Open Spaces
The 9 War Movies We Can’t Wait to See in 2021, Men’s Health


Arete 6.24.21

Military / Foreign Relations / National Security

Top US general ‘shocked’ by report on AWOL guns, mulls fix, Air Force Times
Putin accuses US of orchestrating 2014 ‘coup’ in Ukraine, Al Jazerra
It’s official: Here’s how troops can file military medical malpractice claims, Air Force Times
Spain pardons Catalan leaders over independence bid, BBC
Chinese Misbehavior in the Indo-Pacific, Hudson Institute
Even generals must learn new skills in tech-dominated special operations future, Air Force Times
US Army fires autonomous launcher in Pacific-focused demo, Defense News
Where Russia Markets and Sells Advanced Conventional Weapons, RAND Corp
US military’s elite commando forces look to expand diversity, Air Force Times
Pentagon’s anti-extremism moves now part of a larger national strategy, Air Force Times
DoD should reinstate programs granting citizenship through service, Army veteran senator says, Military Times
US Army could soon have a high-power microwave to destroy small drone swarms, Defense News
In Historic Shift, Biden Aligns Allies on China, Foreign Policy
Russian actors had access to Dutch police computer network during MH17 probe,
Taliban takes control of 30 districts in past six weeks, Long War Journal
Top US general in Africa: ‘Wildfire of terrorism’ on march here, Marine Corps Times
Putin reminds the world who saved the globe from Nazism, PravdaReport
Could France Support a U.S.-Led War in Eastern Europe?, RAND Corp
Air Force’s THOR Instantly Ends Enemy Drone Attack, Real Clear Defense
Death Without Deterrence, or Why Tripwire Forces Are Not Enough, War on the Rocks
How the Predator Revolutionized Warfare, San Diego Tribune-Union
Tactics in an Era of Great Power Competition, Modern War Institute
Special Operations News Update – Monday, June 21, 2021, Small Wars Journal
Cyber Risk Across the U.S. Nuclear Enterprise, Texas National Security Review
Air Force graduates first class of new ‘Special Reconnaissance’ commandos, Task & Purpose
Navy reading list becomes latest battle in the ‘woke military’ war, Task & Purpose
Biden struggles to detail post-withdrawal Afghanistan plans, The Hill
Elite Afghan troops were left to die in battle with Taliban because their backup was too scared, War is Boring
Defeat Is Possible, War on the Rocks


First Responder / Homeland Security / Wildland Fire

The UNC2529 Triple Double: A Trifecta Phishing Campaign, Fire Eye Threat Research
6 Idaho FFs treated for heat-related injuries after fire at vacant school, FireRescue1
$1.83M sexual harassment lawsuit by 5 Chicago paramedics advances, FireRescue1
Hero state trooper rescues five people from crashed fire crew helicopter, LE Today
Portland police to limit car searches, no longer pursue minor traffic infractions, Police One
Law enforcement firearms developer FN America releases new less lethal launcher, Police One
Georgia Officer Dragged to Death at Traffic Stop, Suspect Killed, Police Mag
Why Shooting to Wound Doesn’t Work for Law Enforcement Officers, Tactical Gun Life
37 Officers Murdered in First Five Months of 2021, FBI Director Says, Police Mag
WATCH: Chicago Felon Shoots 2 Officers in Violent Shootout With Police, Tactical Gun Life
Firefighters take advantage of sand dunes, Wildfire Today
Forest Service Chief calls for treating two to four times more hazardous fuels acres, Wildfire Today


Fitness / Health / Nutrition

7,000 troops died in the Post-9/11 wars. A staggering 30,000 died by suicide, Small Wars Journal
Once a bonanza for sponsors, the Olympics are becoming a drag, The Economist
Remote workers work longer, not more efficiently, The Economist
Zoom Nearly Broke My Body. Here’s How to Protect Yours, Gear Latest
A Six-Week Sled Training Program, Breaking Muscle
The Best Folding Bike, NY Times
Secretin hormone induces satiation by activating brown fat, Science Daily
Some Of The Best American Sprinters Are Blowing Up The Aging Curve, FiveThirtyEight
Watch These 2 Bodybuilders Take a 1960s-Inspired High School Gym Class, Men’s Health
Revisiting Sunscreen, Mark’s Daily Apple
They Relied on Chinese Vaccines. Now They’re Battling Outbreaks., NY Times
Sober-curious: Experimenting with Ditching Alcohol and Going Dry, Mark’s Daily Apple
Gluten-free Coffee Infused Hazelnut Pancakes Recipe: Paleo, Primal, and Perfect, Mark’s Daily Apple
Mark Wahlberg Works Out With Marines at First Fitness Studio to Open on Military Base, Men’s Journal
The Secrets of ‘Cognitive Super-Agers’, NY Times
Why Running Doesn’t Suck, Outside
You Can Teach Yourself to Suffer Better, Outside
How to Design the Ultimate Interval Workout, Outside
Marijuana Use Tied to Higher Odds for Thoughts of Suicide, WebMD
How ancient people fell in love with bread, beer and other carbs, Nature



The Only 6 Jackets Your Gear Closet Needs, Outside
Park Service Begs the Unprepared to Stop Trying to Climb Denali, Adventure Journal
A Beginner’s Guide to Gear, A Beginners Guide to Gear
Check Out Patagonia’s ‘Untethered’ Minimalist Cooking and Sleeping Kit, Adventure Journal
Climber Annie Smith Peck Shocked the World—By Wearing Pants, Adventure Journal
1993: Picture on a Wall, Alpinist
Miranda in the Wild – Dehydrating your Own Backcountry Food, AAI
FREESKIER special: Cloud 9 is no longer the most exclusive spot in Colorado, Freeskier
Downhill MTB Racing From The Leogang UCI World Cup #Shorts, Red Bull
Can You Pick Up Big-Wave Surfing in Middle Age?, Outside
The Best Three-Season Sleeping Bags, According to Our Editor, Adventure Journal
Are Programable LED Wall Systems The Future of Indoor Climbing?, Unofficial Networks
A Water Lovers Bucket List, Outside
Learning to Drown – Trailer, Snowboard Magazine
Chantel Astorga solos Cassin Ridge on Denali and skis West Rib/Seattle Ramp, Planet Mountain
Climbing Mount Nothing, Outside
Altavia 4000: Nicola Castagna, Gabriel Perenzoni and the 82 x 4000m peaks of the Alps, Planet Mountain
The Hardest Dirt Bike Race In The World: Erzbergrodeo | Red Bull Most Notorious, Red Bull
Another Denali Incident Leaves Climber in Critical Condition, The Adventure Blog
Trail Cam Captures Cougar Attack On Unsuspecting Elk Herd, Unofficial Networks
Moment in Climb, Arcteryx
TRAILER: New Film Chronicling Ski Legend Franz Klammer 1976 Winter Olympics, Unofficial Networks
Sowing Trust, Patagonia
How to Explore Alaska’s Inside Passage by Ferry, The Outbound Collective



Bipartisan Infrastructure Plan Looks Like Trump’s, American Prospector
What Quitters Understand About the Job Market, The Atlantic
Would Nuking Filibuster Really Help Democrats?, Real Clear Politics
This Fort Carson soldier could be the next Miss America, Task & Purpose
China Hates Crypto: Message Received, The Diplomat
Automation helped kill up to 70% of the US’s middle-class jobs since 1980, study says, Bloomberg
Bitcoin is worth zero and there is no evidence that blockchain is a useful technology, Black Swan author Nassim Taleb says, Bloomberg
What is Google Scholar? How to use the academic database for research, Business Insider
Will America’s housing boom lead to another financial crisis?, The Economist
Ground Temperatures Hit 118 Degrees in the Arctic Circle, Gizmodo
Conservation Project Goes Awry as Tasmanian Devils Start Killing Penguins, Gizmodo
Betelgeuse’s great dimming, The Economist
What It Means That Kickstarter Is Trying a 4-Day Workweek, The Atlantic
All the Ways Amazon Tracks You—and How to Stop It, Wired

Fit Lab Rats Needed To Train for MTI’s “Apex” Fitness Test Standards


By Rob Shaul

MTI is calling for fit remote lab rats to train to meet MTI’s new “Apex” Fitness Standards. There are 5 events in these standards:

  1.  2x Bodyweight (men), 1.5x Bodyweight (women) Back Squat
  2. 15x (women) / 25x Max Rep Pull Ups (men)
  3. 5:30 (men) / 6:00 (women) 1-Mile Run Time
  4. 72 min (women) / 60 min (men) 6-Mile Ruck at 45#
  5. 50x Push Ups (women) / 80x Push Ups (men) in 2 Minutes

Lab rats will complete an intense, 3.5 week, 5-6-day/week training cycle.

The training will begin Monday, June 28, 2021.

The deadline to apply is 1700 Mountain Time, Friday, June 25, 2021.



These new “Apex” Fitness Standards were inspired by stories of athletes pushing for a 5 min mile and 500 -pound max effort dead lift. I thought it would be interesting and “fun” to try something similar, but more well rounded and with a more tactical focus.

The programming challenge for us is to train for all of these different, and wide-ranging fitness standards, concurrently.

Lab rats will all complete the same training plan focused on these events.

Programming will be consistent entirely of gym-based barbell strength and bodyweight strength endurance.

We’re looking to get 6-10 committed, fit lab rats this mini-study. This lab rat opportunity is not appropriate for unfit, deconditioned athletes. As well, it’s not appropriate for athletes unfamiliar with MTI programming.

You’ll communicate frequently together during the program which will involve a group-only message board/forum.

You’ll work directly with MTI Founder Rob Shaul for the duration of the study.

Priority lab rat selection will be given to current MTI customers and/or past lat rats, ages 22-40.

What We Hope To Learn

  1. How close can we get athletes to these standards in 3.5 weeks.

Required Equipment

    • Barbell, Rack, Plates, for Back Squat
    • Pull Up Bar
    • Stopwatch and repeat countdown timer (smartphone will work)
    • Ruck with 45-Pounds of Filler


Cycle Duration

This study project will take 3.5 weeks. It will begin Monday, June 28, 2021. Depending on results and how beat up the lab rats are, we may extend the study for another 3 weeks to 6.5 weeks total.

To Participate

      • You’ll need to commit to training 5-6 days/week for 3.5 weeks, and follow the program as prescribed
      • You’ll need to commit to following only this programming as formal fitness training for the study project period.
      • You’ll need the required equipment (see above)
      • You’ll need to be 22-40 years old, and fit.
      • Priority lab rat selection will be given to current MTI customers and/or past lab rats, ages 22-40.


Want to Lab Rat?

Please email, and put “Apex Lab Rat” in the subject line.

Please include:

      • Age
      • Bodyweight
      • Current fitness level and your current training plan/regimen
      • If you’re a current tactical athlete (military, LE, Fire/Rescue)
      • Which MTI plans you’ve completed in the past
      • If you’ve been a past lab rat.
      • Verify you have access to the required equipment

We’re hoping to get 6-12 fit lab rats for this mini study.



Mini-Study Results: Lab Rats Improve 1RM and Bodyweight Strength Concurrently, Scheduling Differences Inconclusive


By Rob Shaul, Founder


Remote lab rats were able to increase both 1RM Strength and Bodyweight Strength concurrently across several events, but exercise scheduling differences between groups of lab rats proved inconclusive as to which would increase assessed exercises the most.

Background and Study Design

We conducted a 3.5-week Mini-Study using remote lab rats to test:

  1. Is effectively and efficiently training max effort strength and bodyweight strength endurance possible?
  2. Is there a difference in Group performance based on the weekly training schedule?

Sixteen remote lab rats completed this 3.5 week mini-study, 5x in Group A, 7x in Group B, and 4x in Group C. The programming consisted of completely assessment-based barbell strength and bodyweight strength work.

The difference between groups was scheduling.

Group A Schedule:

  • Mon: Front Squat, Bench Press, Box Jumps, Pull Ups
  • Tue: Power Clean, Wtd Pull Ups, Bodyweight, Push Ups
  • Wed: Total Rest
  • Thurs: Front Squat, Bench Press, Box Jumps, Pull Ups
  • Fri: Power Clean, Wtd Pull Ups, Bodyweight, Push Ups

Group B Schedule:

  • Mon: Front Squat, Bench Press, Bodyweight Squats, Push Ups
  • Tue: Power Clean, Wtd Pull Ups, Box Jumps, Pull Ups
  • Wed: Total Rest
  • Thurs: Front Squat, Bench Press, Bodyweight Squats, Push Ups
  • Fri: Power Clean, Wtd Pull Ups, Box Jumps, Pull Ups

Group C Schedule:

  • Mon: Front Squat, Bench Press, Power Clean, Wtd Pull Ups
  • Tue: Bodyweight Squats, Push Ups, Box Jumps, Pull Ups
  • Wed: Total Rest
  • Mon: Front Squat, Bench Press, Power Clean, Wtd Pull Ups
  • Tue: Bodyweight Squats, Push Ups, Box Jumps, Pull Ups

Max effort assessments were completed at the beginning and end of the cycle for these exercises/events:

(1) 1 Repetition Maximum (1RM) Front Squat

(2) 1RM Bench Press

(3) 1RM Power Clean

(4) 1RM Weighted Pull Up

          (5) Max Rep Pull Ups

(6) Max Rep 2 Minute Box Jumps @ 20/24″ Box

(7) Max Rep Bodyweight Squats in 3 Minutes

(8) Max Rep Push Ups in 2 Minutes

The lab rats were not allowed to complete any other fitness training during the 3-week study period. They were allowed to complete active recreation on the weekends.

At the end of the 3 weeks, the lab rats re-completed the 1RM and Bodyweight Strength efforts.  The results from the pre and post cycle assessments were then compared.


Results and Discussion

Below are the individual lab rat results.

Below is the overall 1RM and Bodyweight strength improvement for all 3 groups:

All groups saw 1RM strength and bodyweight strength endurance improvements following this program for 7 out of 8 assessments. Group C saw an average decline in 1RM Bench Press improvement.

However, the data does not point to one scheduling approach as a significant advantage over any other.

The attrition for this study was significant. Sixteen lab rats completed the programming, but 22 did not. Generally, we’ll see a 40-50% attrition rate. We’re not sure why the attrition rate for this mini-study was higher than average. It could be as simple as the onset of Summer and the decline of Covid restrictions caused people to take time off from training, but we’re not sure.

Next Steps?

We were pleased to see the overall dual gains in 1RM strength and bodyweight strength endurance from this mini-study, which helps validate the focus of MTI’s progressions. The bodyweight strength endurance improvement was especially impressive.

However, because we were not able to see any significant difference in performance based on scheduling, it’s not clear how to improve this performance.

One unforeseen result from the study was the significant increases in bodyweight strength performance for most groups. This raises an interesting question …. does concurrently training 1RM strength with bodyweight strength increase bodyweight strength improvement?

Perhaps a topic for a future mini-study….

Questions? Email

Comments? Please comment below.

Arete 6.17.21

Military / National Security / Foreign Policy

The Biden-Putin summit cheat sheet, AEI
NATO leaders declare China a global security challenge, Defense News
NATO says attack in space could trigger mutual defense clause, Defense News
Founder of Army tactical network team reflects on tenure, future of joint war fighting, Defense News
What Blockchain Tells Us about the Pentagon’s Innovation Struggles, Defense News
Peru’s New President Isn’t as Radical as He Looks, Foreign Policy
Is Europe Any Good at Soft Power?, Foreign Policy
Tom Tugendhat Is the British MP China Hates Most, Foreign Policy
Chinese state-linked cyber actor allegedly behind attack on global airline industry,
Al Qaeda figure tied to kidnappings reported killed in Mali, Long War Journal
Senator, SECDEF go head-to-head on so-called ‘woke’ military, Marine Corps Times
Marine Raider ‘betrayed’ Green Beret, lied with SEALs to cover up his hazing death, prosecutors say, Marine Corps Times
Key GOP senator pushes for Biden to leave 1,000 troops behind in Afghanistan as a safety net, Military Times
NATO members set to say they won’t deploy land-based nukes in Europe, Military Times
Putin/Biden Summit: The world demands maturity, Pravda Report
Putin: When I leave, Russia will not collapse, Pravda Report
China’s Quest for Global Primacy, RAND Corp
Canceled in Combat: Get Ready for Smear War, Real Clear Defense
Lockheed Martin to Build Up to 139 F-35s This Year, Real Clear Defense
A Permanent Detachment of SOF in the American High North, Real Clear Defense
Pentagon Works to Move Troops to Countries Near Afghanistan, Real Clear Defense
Why a 2-star general who pleaded guilty to sexually abusing his daughter still has a military pension, Task & Purpose
Erosion by Deference: Civilian Control and the Military in Policymaking, Texas National Security Review
The Truth About Tripwires: Why Small Force Deployments Do Not Deter Aggression, Texas National Security Review
Top general: US won’t support Afghan forces with airstrikes after withdrawal, The Hill
Pentagon announces $150M in security assistance to Ukraine, The Hill
‘Ghost Fleet’ of autonomous ships added to San Diego’s state-of-the-art Navy squadron, War is Boring
Taiwan: Middle Path or Muddled Strategy?, War is Boring
FN Wins M240 Contract, Recoil


Wildland Fire / First Responder / Homeland Security

FBI built fake phone company in global wiretapping operation of historic proportions,
UNC2447 SOMBRAT and FIVEHANDS Ransomware: A Sophisticated Financial Threat, Fire Eye Threat Research
In Oregon, New Gun Violence Restraining Orders Appear to Be Used as Intended, Homeland Security Newswire
Early Wildfires Detection Systems Successfully Tested, Homeland Security Newswire
What Are “Ghost Guns,” a Target of Biden’s Anti-Crime Effort?, Homeland Security Newswire
Police: Ind. firefighter stabbed in the face by patient, Fire Rescue 1
‘A rapidly evolving, intensifying natural disaster’: Wash. heads into wildfire season with record number of early fires, Fire Rescue 1
Patterns of wildfire risk in the United States from systematic operational risk assessments: how risk is characterised by land managers, International Journal of Wildland Fire
Man Charged with Trying to Kill 5 Canadian Officers, Police Magazine
Baltimore Businesses Threaten to Withhold Taxes Over Crime, Police Response, Police Magazine
A brief look — wildland firefighter smoke exposure and risk of lung and cardiovascular disease, Wildfire Today
New evacuations ordered for Pack Creek Fire southeast of Moab, UT, Wildfire Today
Debunking the Biggest Myth About Wildfires, Adventure Journal



Airstream Launches 4WD ‘Interstate 24X’ Sprinter Build for 2022, Gearjunkie
20 of the Best Adventure Quotes of All Time, Courtesy of Author Bill Bryson, Adventure Journal
Climber John Bachar Blew the Doors Clean Off the ’70s Yosemite Climbing Scene, Adventure Journal
Ryan Driscoll, Justin Guarino and Nick Aiello-Popeo Send The Medusa Face on Mt. Neacola, Alpinist
Climbing and Outdoor News from Here and Abroad – 6/10/21, AAI
How to Avoid the Bonk!, AAI
Resort giants band together and commit to combat climate change, Freeskier
Jackson Hole Mountain Resort unveils wicked bike park expansion, Freeskier
The Disorder That Brought a Pro Climber Down to Earth, Outside
Big-Wave Surfer, Spearfisher, and Bow Hunter, Outside
Tschenglser Hochwand North Face skied in Ortler range by Florian Cappello, Roland Striker, Planet Mountain
Heavenly Trap on Baruntse, Márek Holeček reports about new route with Radoslav Groh, Planet Mountain
Journey from California to Hawaii Becomes a Nightmare for Kayaker, The Adventure Blog
The Six National Parks That Are Requiring Reservations This Summer, Unofficial Networks
Drone Ban @ California Beach After Mass Bird Egg Abandonment, Unofficial networks


Fitness / Health / Nutrition

5 Ways to Improve Your Reaction Time, Outside
What It Takes to Run a Fast Mile, Outside
An Intro to Daily Undulating Periodization, Breaking Muscle
Sugar overload may be a recipe for long-term problems, Science Daily
Mastering Motivation Amidst Challenging Life Circumstances, Mark’s Daily Apple
Do Casomorphins from Cow’s Milk Contribute to Autism?
The Day After a Bad Night’s Sleep, WebMD
How to Make Nut Butter at Home, Outside
The Best Low Back Strength Exercises, The Barbell Physio
Gun Suicides Are Rising Sharply Among American Youth, WebMD
Winners and Losers of the Work-From-Home Revolution, The Atlantic
The Health Benefits of Coffee, The Health Benefits of Coffee
Why We Sometimes Die When Trying To Avoid Risk, Manhattan Institute
World-first DNA test for resilience offered by SA life coach, Popular Mechanics



Mayflower AI sea drone readies maiden transatlantic voyage, Al Jazerra
Chinese youths have learned to love the Great Firewall, AEI
Horrific conditions at more pork farms, Norway News
Mass. fisherman OK after whale gulps him down, spits him out, Fire Rescue 1
My Mission to Find the Best Truck of All Time, Outside
Can You Split The States?, FiveThirtyEight
How Low Can America’s Birth Rate Go Before It’s A Problem?, FiveThirtyEight
Biden Plans to Restore Protections to Tongass National Forest in Alaska, NY Times
Google Search Activity Shows U.S. Consumers Finally Starting to Moderate, Bloomberg
Washington Prime Group, a mall owner with more than 100 shopping centers across the US, has filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy, Business Insider
Tech giants call on the SEC to require climate impact reports from companies, Endgadget
Soaring factory prices in China add to global inflation fears, The Economist
A backlash against gender ideology is starting in universities, The Economist
Most Americans Favor the Death Penalty Despite Concerns About Its Administration, Pew Research
A firm founded by Bill Gates bets on a novel nuclear reactor, The Economist
You Can’t Escape the Attention Economy, The Atlantic
The Myth of a Majority-Minority America, The Atlantic